California-based nonprofit mini-cult of fewer than 500 members built on the belief that future technologies will overcome problems that today seem insoluble. Immortality through technology is a central tenet of Extropianism: fervent hopes for the future include cryogenics, time travel, and uploading one’s consciousness to a computer.

The organization, whose guiding light is an Englishman called Max More (b. Max O’Connor), also embraces libertarian thinkers such as Ayn Rand; ideas like privatizing the air are expounded in the magazine Extropy, as are neologisms like “de-animation” (death), “disasturbation” (wishful disaster scenarios), and “smart-faced” (stoned). The Extropians’ slender achievements were hymned in a lengthy 1994 Wired feature.

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